Pompadour is a style of haircut which takes its name from Madame de Pompadour.
The pompadour was a fashion trend in the 1950s among male rockabilly artists and actors in the 1950s like Elvis Presley, Marlon Brando (The Wild One) and James Dean (Rebel Without a Cause); in the late twentieth century, rockabilly revival musician Brian Setzer and Pretenders bassist Pete Farndon were known for wearing this style. There are also Latin variants of the hair style more associated with European and Argentine tango fashion trends and occasionally with late twentieth century musical genres such rockabilly and country.
In recent years they have been almost the sole province of those enamoured with "vintage culture" of the late 50s and early 1960s that includes antique cars, hot rods, American folk music, rockabilly bands, and Elvis impersonators. However, they have also become a symbol for fans of new wave and retro cultures as well, and are sported by musicians and artists affiliated with those cultures, such as Morrissey. Talk show host Conan O'Brien is also famous of his pompadour.
In modern Japanese popular culture, the pompadour is a stereotypical hairstyle often worn by gang members, thugs, members of the yakuza, and other similar groups.
In Northern England a pompadour hairstyle is referred to as a quiff.